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Testimonials

Team Brain Injury Support LTD

Surety House, Old Redbridge,

Southampton, SO15 0NE

02380783775


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"Every time I contact Team for staff, they are so pleasant helpful and friendly and always do their best to help us.  The nurses they send us are presentable, charming, on time and keen to work." 
 

- Carl Bradley, Betty Highwood Unit, Blandford Hospital

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Brain Injury and Brain Function

The human brain is responsible for almost all of the bodies' functions: 

  •            Speech                                    Pressure
  •            Movement                              Memory
  •            Sight                                         Will
  •            Hearing                                    Behaviour
  •            Smell                                        Emotions
  •            Taste                                        Reasoning
  •            Pain                                          Intelligence
  •            Temperature                            Judgement


          are some examples of what the brain controls. 

The brain is best described as something like a blancmange in consistency. This is internally housed and protected by the skull. The brain is packed in quite tightly inside the skull, ensuring that there is little room for movement. The brain passes messages within itself by means of trillions of neurones. When the brain is injured it is these message pathways which are inhibited or damaged causing problems to some or all of the functions mentioned above. 

The damage to the brain can separated into two parts: 

Primary brain damage:

  •        Diffuse axonal injury, whereby at the moment of impact the brain may tear or rip causing the microscopic connection                                  pathways to become affected.
  •        Bruising, where the brain is crushed against the hard and bony ridges inside the skull.
  •        Primary bleeding and clots, in this instance an artery or blood vessel is damaged causing bleeding and/or clots form                                      causing pressure and constricting the brain.


Secondary brain damage:

  •        Brain swelling, reducing the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain cells.
  •        Breathing Problems (anoxia) causes reduction in oxygen supply to the brain if other body parts central to the breathing                                process is injured i.e. heart and lungs.
  •        Secondary bleed. This situation a slow bleed may only be detected later. Something like a slow puncture in a tyre. These are                        called subdural, extradural or intracerebral haematoma.
  •        Infections. If the skull is penetrated, germs may enter and cause infection.

Office Hours
Monday - Friday: 8:30 - 5:30 pm.
Saturday: Closed
Sunday: Closed

There is an out of hours service for any urgent queries..